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Opinions 2021 東京奧運不延期,選手退出、閉門賽事引爭議?懶人包一篇告訴你

2021 東京奧運不延期,選手退出、閉門賽事引爭議?懶人包一篇告訴你

TOKYO, JAPAN - MARCH 25: A boat sails past the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Rings on March 25, 2020 in Tokyo, Japan. Following yesterday’s announcement that the Tokyo 2020 Olympics will be postponed to 2021 because of the ongoing Covid-19 coronavirus pandemic, IOC officials have said they hope to confirm a new Olympics date ‘as soon as possible’. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images
By Allison Chen
June 03, 2021
因新冠肺炎而延後一年舉辦的東京奧運即將登場,眼看全球疫情尚未趨緩,世界各國都在關注這場盛事究竟會不會取消?進行與否其背後又各自有哪些隱憂?

東京奧運原訂 2020 年 7 月 23 日,卻因為一場突如其來的新冠肺炎(Covid-19)疫情延期,改為 2021 年舉辦;這為期 17 天的奧林匹克運動會,來自世界各地的運動好手齊聚一堂,以及特地前往該城市觀賽的民眾,不但會促進當地觀光與經濟,對於主辦國家來說,也是一大具有指標性的象徵。然而隨著病毒大流行,一夕之間全部變了調,儘管目前看起來會如期登場,卻不免引起許多人質疑,在疫情持續升溫的情況下,國際奧委會與日本真的不停辦嗎?

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SHINJUKU, TOKYO, JAPAN - 2020/03/19: Japanese National Flag over the Olympic Rings symbol is seen at the entrance of the Japan Olympic Museum in Shinjuku. Japanese start thinking that it would be the best to postpone the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games due to the fear of spreading the Covid-19 Coronavirus more into its population. (Photo by Stanislav Kogiku/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images)
Photo by Stanislav Kogiku/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

日本民眾的抗議

近日日本民眾的抗議聲音高漲,除了一般人上街參加抗議活動外,在開幕典禮倒數不到兩個月之際,已經有至少一萬名的志工表示將退出東奧。日本疫情尚未穩定,政府經常宣布全國進入緊急狀態,近日部分行政區甚至延長至 6 月 20 日才解除,若再有群聚活動發生,勢必會帶來許多疑慮。確診人數不斷飆升,在安全與健康都受到威脅的情況下,國民既不支持也強烈抗議,日本防疫小組更是頻頻表示希望政府謹慎思考再做決定。

TOKYO, JAPAN - MAY 17: A protester holds a placard during a protest against the Tokyo Olympics on May 17, 2021 in Tokyo, Japan. With less than 3 months remaining until the Tokyo Olympics, a recent survey has indicated that around 60 percent of Japanese people do not want the Games to go ahead. Although it marks a drop in an earlier survey in which around 80 percent of people believed the Olympics and Paralympics should be cancelled or rescheduled, concern continues to linger in Japan over the feasibility of
Photo by Getty Images

*奧林匹克運動會的歷史上僅停辦過 3 次,包含 1916 年、1940 年和 1944 年,都是因為世界大戰而取消。

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退出的國家代表隊

除了日本國民存有疑慮外,亦有國外的選手對於奧運如期舉行抱持著大問號,4 月初北韓率先表態,宣布為了保護國家選手的人身健康將不出席 2021 東京奧運會,隨後也有不少國家選手表示此次參賽風險太大,選擇退出這場盛會。例如澳洲跳水協會也發布聲明,在來不及施打疫苗的情形下把選手送到日本參加世界跳水盃不安全,因此喪失取得奧運參賽門票資格;還有加拿大的體操代表隊也因為放棄前往巴西參加美洲體育錦標賽,所以無法前進東奧。

NARAHA, JAPAN - MARCH 25: Tokyo 2020 President Seiko Hashimoto applauds next to the celebration cauldron during the opening ceremony ahead of the the first day of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic torch relay at the J Village during the Tokyo Olympic Games torch relay on March 25, 2021 in Naraha, Fukushima, Japan. (Photo by Kim Kyung-Hoon - Pool/Getty Images)
Photo by Kim Kyung-Hoon - Pool/Getty Images

隨著五月底美國才對日本的旅遊警示提高到第四級,不免讓主辦單位擔心接下來是否會有越來越多國家代表隊或選手在最後一刻跟進退賽?!

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閉門賽事引反彈?

為了因應防疫措施,許多醫生、專家都建議國際奧委會與日本不應開放觀眾進場觀賽,不過這卻引來另一波反彈。網球界的球王喬科維奇(Novak Djokovic)就指出如果反對民眾進場,那麼他將考慮退出,以此表達反對立場。奧運每隔四年舉辦一次,對於選手來說每次的練習無一不是為國爭光,並且在國際舞台上獲得榮耀,部分明星運動員認為當少了場上觀眾的聲援,感受自然大不同。(目前日本政府仍在考慮是否開放讓施打過疫苗或 PCR 篩檢結果陰性的觀眾入場。)

MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA - FEBRUARY 02: Novak Djokovic of Serbia plays a forehand during his Men's Singles Final match against Dominic Thiem of Austria on day fourteen of the 2020 Australian Open at Melbourne Park on February 02, 2020 in Melbourne, Australia. (Photo by Graham Denholm/Getty Images)
網球界球王喬科維奇(Novak Djokovic)。Photo by Graham Denholm/Getty Images

值得一提的是,除了閉門賽事引爭議外,從現實面來看,選手們的每次培訓都會花費龐大金額,假設延期的話,不論是投入的金錢還是時間都會再增加。

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選手團施打疫苗

奧運近在眼前,雖然爭議不斷且針對賽事的進行仍有許多未知數,但像是日本選手團、澳洲女子壘球代表團、韓國跟菲律賓代表隊都已經接種疫苗,提前為賽事做足準備。

RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - MAY 14: Brazilian athlete Larissa de Oliveira from swimming receives a first dose of Pfizer vaccine during vaccination of Brazilian athletes who will participate in the upcoming Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games at CCFEX Centro de Capacitação Física do Exército on May 14, 2021 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (Photo by Wagner Meier/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** Larissa de Oliveira
Photo by Wagner Meier/Getty Images

新冠肺炎來得措手不及,甚至許多國家紛紛出現變種病毒,如今奧運看起來勢在必行,公共衛生健康是一大隱憂,在不延期的前提下該如何做好應變措施仍然是未知數。

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Opinions Olympics Covid-19 奧運 東京奧運 日本 新冠肺炎 疫情 運動員 國際奧委會

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