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People改變世界、改變地球,印度保育專家Krithi Karanth搭建人類與野生動物的共存橋梁

改變世界、改變地球,印度保育專家Krithi Karanth搭建人類與野生動物的共存橋梁

A photo from a drone shows a border between a national park and farmland, where human-animal conflicts arise.
A photo from a drone shows a border between a national park and farmland, where human-animal conflicts arise. ©Rolex Marc Shoul
By Lulu Tsai
By Lulu Tsai
September 07, 2019
有「地球之肺」之稱的亞馬遜森林,上月燃起了熊熊大火,也牽動環境保護議題的諸多討論,如何在人類發展、自然環境,以及野生動物的衝突之中找到平衡,成為人類需要思考的重要課題。而遠在印度的保育專家Krithi Karanth,則透過提供熱線服務,來緩解印度野生動物與人類之間的衝突,她更是2019年勞力士雄才偉略大獎的五位得主之一。
The Nugu and Moleyuru ranges, home to many wild animals, including elephants and tigers.
Lakshamamma (kneeling) and Dasaiak pay respect at their cow’s grave after a tiger attack.
Farmer Shiva Shankar is in regular contact with Wild Seve.
 

「勞力士雄才偉略大獎」(Rolex Awards for Enterprise, RAE),於1976年時所創立,當年適逢首款防水腕錶——勞力士蠔式腕錶面世50週年,透過此獎項的成立,Rolex支持全球各領域的探險家們,一同尋求環境變遷的各種解決方案,Rolex更在2019年推出「保護地球,恒動不息」(Perpetual Planet)計劃,串連全球有志之士透過各項前瞻計畫,致力保護地球。

當年創立勞力士雄才偉略大獎的主席André J. Heiniger也表示:「我們設立勞力士雄才偉略大獎,全因我們堅信企業有責任積極改善地球生活,並宣揚我們所珍視的價值觀,包括精良品質、獨創性及堅毅決心,而最重要的就是創建精神。」

Krithi Karanth founded Wild Seve, which helps half a million people live in harmony with animals.
Krithi Karanth (centre) checks data regarding animal sightings with colleagues Anubha Vanamamalai (left) and Nauachandan Natarajamurthy.
The Wild Seve smartphone app allows volunteers to quickly enter all the required information about a claim.
Krithi Karanth, at Channagundi in Karnataka State, India, has been passionate about conservation since childhood.
 

今年的得主之一——印度科學家暨保育專家Krithi Karanth,同樣也是保育專家的父親啟發了她對野生動物的熱愛,並進一步進行研究與保育計畫。她觀察到在印度的部分人類社區,因為野生動物未能適應人類的生活界線,因此雙方經常發生衝突,損失慘重。為了解決這樣的問題,Krithi Karanth在2015年設立免費電話熱線「Wild Seve」,提供因野生動物而遭受損失的村民尋求賠償協助,讓人類社區、野生動物與政府三方,能夠有一個正向溝通的管道與循環,她也積極將Wild Seve熱線服務擴展到更多地點,同時也協助處於衝突熱點的村民進行實地試驗,透過搭建防護棚與圍欄等設備,保護人類與家畜。除此之外,她也意識到改善衝突與環境保護的根本是教育,因此她也在嚴重衝突地區的300間學校內,開啟保育教育計劃「Wild Shaale」,讓動物保育的種子在孩童內心扎根。

Krithi Karanth (centre) participates in a school workshop by Wild Seve, with children posing as wild animals.
Banana farmer Prasanna Kumar (left) describes to Krithi Karanth how his crop was destroyed by an elephant.
A photo from a drone shows a border between a national park and farmland, where human-animal conflicts arise.
A total of 10,000 claims have been submitted to Wild Seve, many using the organization’s smartphone app.
Dasaiak (left) calls Wild Seve regarding the family cow that was killed by a tiger on their farm.
 
Laureates Rolex Awards for enterprise 2019. From left: Grégoire Courtine, Krithi Karanth, João Campos-Silva, Miranda Wang, Brian Gitta.
2019勞力士雄才偉略大獎的五位得主。(由左至右)Grégoire Courtine, Krithi Karanth, João Campos-Silva, Miranda Wang, Brian Gitta.©Rolex Bart Michiels

勞力士雄才偉略大獎創立迄今已經有43年的歷史、共有140位得主、研發27種創新應用技術、完成13項探險活動、保護17個的生態系統、23種瀕臨危險的物種、種植1,800萬棵樹木,並保護57,600平方公里的亞馬遜雨林。

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  • Images ©Rolex Marc Shoul, Bart Michiels

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PeopleRolex勞力士雄才偉略大獎勞力士雄才偉略大獎Krithi KaranthWild Seve環境保護永續發展野生動物保育印度亞馬遜雨林亞馬遜森林大火Perpetual Planet2019勞力士雄才偉略大獎

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